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Switzerland, a federation of 26 cantons

Bern Council Hall

Scale up Bern Council Hall

Modern Switzerland is a union formed by the 26 states, or cantons, which federated in 1848. The Swiss call this national union the Confederation.

Switzerland is a federal State and «the Confederation», in a narrower sense, also refers to the federal government. But federalism in Switzerland is founded on the principle that the cantons, as states within the State, have considerable legal and political sovereignty.

A modern cantonal constitution

The Canton of Bern, like the other cantons, has its own executive and legislative branches of government and its own judiciary.

The Bundesverfassung (Swiss constitution) provides clearly that all areas and powers that are not expressly delegated to the federal government are the responsibility of the cantons.

Bern is a democracy with one of the most modern cantonal constitutions in Switzerland. It was also the first canton in Switzerland to enshrine the freedom of information in its basic law. The authorities and public service are required to provide information actively and openly to the public.

Constitution of the Canton of Bern in English (PDF, 209 KB, 33 pages)

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